Basics

Variables

$red: #833;
body {
  color: $red;
}

Nesting

.markdown-body {
  p {
    color: blue;
  }

  &:hover {
    color: red;
  }
}

Comments

/* Block comments */
// Line comments

Mixins

@mixin heading-font {
  font-family: sans-serif;
  font-weight: bold;
}
h1 {
  @include heading-font;
}

Mixin properties

@mixin font-size($n) {
  font-size: $n * 1.2em;
}
body {
  @include font-size(2);
}

Extend

.button {
  ยทยทยท
}
.push-button {
  @extend .button;
}

Composing

@import './other_sass_file`;

The .scss or .sass extension is optional.

Color functions

rgba

rgb(100, 120, 140)
rgba(100, 120, 140, .5)
rgba($color, .5)

Mixing

mix($a, $b, 10%)   // 10% a, 90% b

Modifying HSLA

darken($color, 5%)
lighten($color, 5%)
saturate($color, 5%)
desaturate($color, 5%)
grayscale($color)
adjust-hue($color, 15deg)
compliment($color)    // like adjust-hue(_, 180deg)
invert($color)
fade-in($color, .5)   // aka opacify()
fade-out($color, .5)  // aka transparentize() - halves the opacity
rgba($color, .5)      // sets alpha to .5

Getting HSL values

hue($color)
saturation($color)
lightness($color)
alpha($color)         // aka opacity()

Adjustments

// Changes by fixed amounts
adjust-color($color, $blue: 5)
adjust-color($color, $lightness: -30%)   // like darken(_, 30%)
adjust-color($color, $alpha: -0.4)       // like fade-out(_, .4)
adjust-color($color, $hue: 30deg)        // like adjust-hue(_, 15deg)
// Changes via percentage
scale-color($color, $lightness: 50%)
// Changes one property completely
change-color($color, $hue: 180deg)
change-color($color, $blue: 250)

Supported: $red $green $blue $hue $saturation $lightness $alpha

Other functions

Strings

unquote('hello')
quote(hello)
to-upper-case(hello)
to-lower-case(hello)
str-length(hello world)
str-slice(hello, 2, 5)      // "ello" - it's 1-based, not 0-based
str-insert("abcd", "X", 1)  // "Xabcd"

Units

unit(3em)        // 'em'
unitless(100px)  // false

Numbers

floor(3.5)
ceil(3.5)
round(3.5)
abs(3.5)
min(1, 2, 3)
max(1, 2, 3)
percentage(.5)   // 50%
random(3)        // 0..3

Misc

variable-exists(red)    // checks for $red
mixin-exists(red-text)  // checks for @mixin red-text
function-exists(redify)
global-variable-exists(red)
selector-append('.menu', 'li', 'a')   // .menu li a
selector-nest('.menu', '&:hover li')  // .menu:hover li
selector-extend(...)
selector-parse(...)
selector-replace(...)
selector-unify(...)

Feature checks

Feature check

feature-exists(global-variable-shadowing)

Features

Loops

For loops

@for $i from 1 through 4 {
  .item-#{$i} { left: 20px * $i; }
}

Each loops (simple)

$menu-items: home about services contact;

@each $item in $menu-items {
  .photo-#{$item} {
    background: url('images/#{$item}.jpg');
  }
}

Each loops (nested)

$backgrounds: (home, 'home.jpg'), (about, 'about.jpg');

@each $id, $image in $backgrounds {
  .photo-#{$id} {
    background: url($image);
  }
}

While loops

$i: 6;
@while $i > 0 {
  .item-#{$i} { width: 2em * $i; }
  $i: $i - 2;
}

Other features

Conditionals

@if $position == 'left' {
   position: absolute;
   left: 0;
}
@else {
   position: static;
}

Interpolation

.#{$klass} { ... }      // Class
call($function-name)    // Functions

@media #{$tablet}
font: #{$size}/#{$line-height}
url("#{$background}.jpg")

Lists

$list: (a b c);

nth($list, 1)  // starts with 1
length($list)

@each $item in $list { ... }

Maps

$map: (key1: value1, key2: value2, key3: value3);

map-get($map, key1)

See also