Color functions

rgb(100, 120, 140)
rgba(100, 120, 140, .5)
rgba($color, .5)

Mixing

mix($a, $b, 10%)   /* 10% a, 90% b */

Modifying HSLA

darken($color, 5%)
lighten($color, 5%)

saturate($color, 5%)
desaturate($color, 5%)
grayscale($color)

adjust-hue($color, 15deg)
compliment($color)    /* like adjust-hue(_, 180deg) */
invert($color)

fade-in($color, .5)   /* aka opacify() */
fade-out($color, .5)  /* aka transparentize() - halves the opacity */
rgba($color, .5)      /* sets alpha to .5 */

Getting HSL values

hue($color)
saturation($color)
lightness($color)
alpha($color)         /* aka opacity() */

Full adjustments

/* Changes by fixed amounts */
adjust-color($color, $blue: 5)
adjust-color($color, $lightness: -30%)   /* like darken(_, 30%) */
adjust-color($color, $alpha: -0.4)       /* like fade-out(_, .4) */
adjust-color($color, $hue: 30deg)        /* like adjust-hue(_, 15deg) */

/* Changes via percentage */
scale-color($color, $lightness: 50%)

/* Changes one property completely */
change-color($color, $hue: 180deg)
change-color($color, $blue: 250)

/* Supported: $red $green $blue $hue $saturation $lightness $alpha */

Other functions

Strings

unquote('hello')
quote(hello)

to-upper-case(hello)
to-lower-case(hello)

str-length(hello world)
str-slice(hello, 2, 5)      /* "ello" - it's 1-based, not 0-based */
str-insert("abcd", "X", 1)  /* "Xabcd" */

Units

unit(3em)        /* 'em' */
unitless(100px)  /* false */

Numbers

floor(3.5)
ceil(3.5)
round(3.5)
abs(3.5)

min(1, 2, 3)
max(1, 2, 3)

percentage(.5)   /* 50% */
random(3)        /* 0..3 */

Misc

variable-exists(red)    /* checks for $red */
mixin-exists(red-text)  /* checks for @mixin red-text */
function-exists(redify)

global-variable-exists(red)
selector-append('.menu', 'li', 'a')   /* .menu li a */
selector-nest('.menu', '&:hover li')  /* .menu:hover li */
selector-extend(...)
selector-parse(...)
selector-replace(...)
selector-unify(...)

Feature checks

feature-exists(global-variable-shadowing)
  • global-variable-shadowing
  • extend-selector-pseudoclass
  • units-level-3
  • at-error

Loops

For loops

@for $i from 1 through 4 {
  .item-#{$i} { left: 20px * $i; }
}

Each loops (simple)

$menu-items: home about services contact;

@each $item in $menu-items {
  .photo-#{$item} {
    background: url('images/#{$item}.jpg');
  }
}

Each loops (nested)

$backgrounds: (home, 'home.jpg'), (about, 'about.jpg');

@each $id, $image in $backgrounds {
  .photo-#{$id} {
    background: url($image);
  }
}

While loops

$i: 6;
@while $i > 0 {
  .item-#{$i} { width: 2em * $i; }
  $i: $i - 2;
}

Conditionals

@if $position == 'left' {
   position: absolute;
   left: 0;
}
@else {
   position: static;
}

Interpolation

.#{$klass} { ... }      /* Class */
call($function-name)    /* Functions */

@media #{$tablet}
font: #{$size}/#{$line-height}
url("#{$background}.jpg")

Lists

$list: (a b c);

nth($list, 1)  /* starts with 1 */
length($list)

@each $item in $list { ... }

Maps

$map: (key1: value1, key2: value2, key3: value3);

map-get($map, key1)

Reference